“We are foreign and we are everywhere.”
Foreign Legion works in a wide range of formats, either existing or imagined, for the cultural and commercial sector.
Website and Visual Identity by AnnerPerrin
Illustrations by Raby Florence Fofana
Website and Visual Identity by AnnerPerrin
Illustrations by Raby Florence Fofana
Curated by Foreign Legion, A Woman’s Work was a symposium organised as a complement to the “Against Invisibility” exhibition, which focuses on the forgotten stories of the women of the Deutsche Werkstätten Hellerau. Taking the exhibition as a starting point, A Woman’s Work examined the contemporary, to shed light on the invisibility of the female practitioner as it continues to exist today.
A Woman’s Work at Kunstgewerbemuseum Schloss Pillnitz in Dresden
Structured in three parts – “Advocates of History”, “Enablers of Visibility” and “Dismantlers of Existing Conditions” – the symposium brought together a wide range of practitioners, scholars, writers, critics and curators based in different parts of Europe, aiming to offer transversal, multigenerational and diverse perspectives on the present and the future of female practice.
Throughout the course of one day, conversations took place in a variety of formats, creating platforms for exchange and connection. A Woman’s Work aims to bring women in and around design, art and architecture to the fore, advocating for their visibility to become a permanent condition.
Registration and Coffee
Matylda Krzykowski and Vera Sacchetti
Introduction to “Against Invisibility”
Curator, Kunstgewerbemuseum Dresden
Part 1 – Advocates of History
“Women have always been there”, critic Alexandra Lange has recently noted, “but we have overlooked their contributions.” If design history has been skewed from the start – given the perspective of those who wrote it in the first place – what can be done to rediscover women designers? Advocates of History looks at recent examples of revisited design history, in exhibitions, books and events, that seek to celebrate female practitioners and their contributions to the fields of design and architecture.
designer and design researcher
Director, Werkraum Bregenzerwald
Design historian, consultant and author of Women Design
Part 2 – Enablers of Visibility
It is not enough that female practitioners do the work – it is also up to those in positions of power to bring their work to the spotlight. How can we make sure that the histories of these designers are written, talked about, broadcast? And how can they be transported from one generation to the next? Enablers of Visibilityexamines the roles of museums, schools, critics, journalists, and even social media in disseminating the stories of women designers.
Designer and teacher, founder of Studio Greiling
Design critic and author of Design as an Attitude
Journalist and editor, Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Ritual of Self-Empowerment
Practitioner and founder Pinar & Viola
Part 3 – Dismantlers of Existing Conditions
Even while pushing for the visibility of the female practitioner, we often fail to recognize our own bias and ingrained behaviours. How can we create frameworks for the visibility of women designers without replicating the same Eurocentric stereotypes, and without overlooking different perspectives and geographies? Dismantlers of Existing Conditions discusses strategies for shifting our perspective, and that of our students, our audiences, and our establishment.
Designer, researcher and educator, Brunel University London and Decolonising Design research group
Graphic designer, web developer and professor HFBK Hamburg
Roundup and Concluding Remarks
Director, Museums für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg
Matylda Krzykowski and Vera Sacchetti
After the symposium Foreign Legion was invited to use A Woman’s Work as a basis to develop an exhibition for the Kunstgewerbemuseum Dresden. The exhibition is titled Add to the Cake: transforming the roles of female practitioners. The exhibition preview, in form of a walk-through installation, takes place from 26 April – 4 July 2019. The exhibition, which enacts possible futures for the female practice, takes place from 5 July – 3 November 2019.
See more here.
This essay by Vera Sacchetti and Matylda Krzykowski introduces the symposium “A Woman’s Work” exploring the roles of contemporary female practitioners in the design world.
A Woman’s Work explores the roles, influence and visibility of contemporary female practitioners. It has the form of a symposium that will take place 18 January in the frame of the exhibition “Against Invisibility”, currently on display at the Museum of Decorative Arts in Dresden. The symposium is structured in three parts: Advocates of History, Enablers of Visibility and Dismantlers of Existing Conditions. The gathering aims to bring women in and around design, art and architecture to the fore, creating the conditions for their visibility to become a permanent condition.
Curators Vera Sacchetti and Matylda Krzykowski are the founders of Foreign Legion, a globally active curatorial initiative. Their essay A Woman’s Work, or, steps towards the yin revolution – that we hereby publish – is part of the exhibition catalogue.
“Is a yin utopia a contradiction in terms, since all the familiar utopias rely on control to make them work, and yin does not control? Yet it is a great power. How does it work? I can only guess. My guess is that the kind of thinking we are, at last, beginning to do about how to change the goals of human domination and unlimited growth to those of human adaptability and longterm survival is a shift from yang to yin, and so involves acceptance of impermanence and imperfection, a patience with uncertainty and the makeshift, a friendship with water, darkness, and the earth.” – Ursula K. Le Guin 
For female designers in the early 21st century, the last two decades have brought attention, and with attention, visibility and value. The renewed interest in the role of women in design contributes to make amends with one of the many lacking aspects in the discipline’s history, the systematic erasure of women’s presences. It is an occasion to celebrate, even if, as critic Alexandra Lange has recently put it, “women have always been there—as recent histories have shown them to have been in computing, the sciences, and a host of other male-dominated fields—but we have overlooked their contributions.”
Nevertheless, this newfound place under the spotlight should be less a cause for celebration than an opportunity to bring about systemic, and much needed change that has the power to significantly affect the design world and system — with positive consequences that will benefit not only women, but all those who fight for visibility and equality, and ultimately the discipline itself.
The recognition of the role of women in the history of design opens the door to other kinds of realizations, such as a recognition of the design discipline’s fundamentally collaborative nature, and of the many, complex relationships that exist behind the making of a designed object, be it analogue or digital, material or immaterial.
With these realizations comes also the understanding that design is not a discipline of big names and heroes — much like design history has made us believe for the better part of the last two centuries — but a discipline where many hands work together, weaving non-linear processes and complex stories. It is in bringing about this understanding that the analogy of the yin-yang symbol can become useful. “In the yang-yin symbol,” writes seminal author Ursula K. Le Guin, “each half contains within it a portion of the other, signifying their complete interdependence and continual intermutability.”
For Le Guin, the characteristics of Yang — “male, bright, dry, hard, active, penetrating” — and Yin — “female, dark, wet, easy, receptive” — shouldn’t be considered as separate or subordinate to one another. Instead, they are complementary and equal. “Neither can exist alone,” she concludes, “and each is always in process of becoming the other.” As women step into the spotlight of design history, and are subjected to new analysis and renewed attention, so does the mostly “yang” model of design come under scrutiny, and can be re-evaluated in all its messiness, incompleteness, and thorniness. In this process, the discipline itself, alongside its past, present and future, can allow itself to become deeply transformed. This how the yin revolution starts.
No longer need women to navigate the design profession without role models to look up to and be inspired by. No longer have women to conform to any predefined career orientation, designing their paths in whichever way they deem best. And because, in recent years more than ever, women in design can find inspiring examples all around them, the practitioner of today should not have to quiet down their voice, hush away their presence, hide their influence.
And yet, it is this reclaiming that is the biggest challenge, one that must take most of our attention right now: finding and using our own voices in design, loud and clear.
To say things such as: Yes, grant me that opportunity. Yes, I want access to that platform. Yes, give me that job (and pay me as much as you would a man). Yes, represent and sell my work (for the same price as you will sell a work made by a man). Yes, this is obvious, necessary, and the only way I will work for you, with you, alongside you.
Speaking loud and clear, unafraid and unabashedly, seems like the obvious thing to do, and a survey of contemporary female practitioners will find a minority that acts and moves in the world of design exactly like that: unafraid and unabashedly. Nevertheless, look beyond this minute number and you will find that reclaiming a voice is still a very difficult thing for women in design to do.
This difficulty is mostly related to the structures and frameworks within which we operate in the design world. To this day, women in design have been mostly educated by men (in classes that at present count roughly half of women students); hired by men; worked for men; and their work has been valued (and exhibited, or not) by men. “Education plays a major role in helping us all accept different ways of organizing relations and power in institutions, universities, boards, and councils,” writes curator and educator Chus Martínez in a recent article.
Martínez goes on to say that if women cannot change how they are perceived by others, professional opportunities alone cannot be enough. “We need to name the dangers women face,” she concludes, “but we must also be flexible enough to play with the entrenched structures long enough to find ways of working together that are more equitable. By adopting preceding models, we are adopting their symbolic values as well.”
The creation of discursive environments where change can be enacted, tested out, and then replicated and amplified, can only happen if and when women in design start using their voices, loud and clear in their polyphonic embrace. And finding strength in numbers, they can finally advocate for real equality, which, Martínez reminds us, “calls for pushing existing conditions to the limit,” in order to ultimately dismantle them.
Dismantling the conditions of the present is fundamental for the visibility of women in design to become permanent. Today, even if invisibility seems far at bay, there is a great risk that the female practitioner will quickly become assimilated by the system and become a commodity, as just another trend, a temporary obsession of markets, collections, museums and the media. And, after all design made by women is sold, exhibited, commissioned and exchanged by inflated sums of money, it will be discarded in a few years for something else, something new, something fresher.
Women could return to their invisible condition and their struggle for a voice, for a place, for agency, will have to start again. It is in the fearless dismantling of the present and its entanglements that the great transformation ushered by the yin revolution can happen, and become a permanent condition.
What does the yin revolution bring with it? We do not know. But we know it is thorny, messy, complex, and collaborative. And it will transform us all.
1: Ursula K. Le Guin, No Time to Spare, 2017
2: The hidden women of architecture and design
3: Ursula K. Le Guin, No Time to Spare, 2017
4: Ursula K. Le Guin, No Time to Spare, 2017
5: Chus Martínez, “But Still, Like Air, I’ll Rise”, in e-flux journal 92, June 2018
6: Chus Martínez, “But Still, Like Air, I’ll Rise”, in e-flux journal 92, June 2018
This article titled ‘Dear Gatekeepers’ originally appeared in Icon 190, the April 2019 issue.
For female design practitioners in the early 21st century, the opening two decades have brought attention – and, with attention, visibility. This renewed interest in the role of women helps to counter design history’s systematic erasure of their presence. While there is reason to cheer, why stop there? This is an important moment, charged with possibilities to bring about overdue change, with consequences that will benefit not only women, but all those who fight for equality.
As women step into the spotlight, myths and long-standing beliefs within design can be shattered. The lone genius, the heroic creator, the idea (and object) that arrives fully formed – all of these can be challenged and the discipline can finally re-evaluate all its messy complexity, its collaborative nature, and non-linear processes. And in this effort, the design discipline can allow itself to be deeply transformed. This is how the yin revolution – a poetic concept outlined by author Ursula K LeGuin in her series of essays No Time to Spare – starts.
No longer need women strive to navigate the design profession without role models to be inspired by. No longer need women conform to any predefined career orientation, instead designing their paths in whichever way they deem best. And because, in recent years more than ever, women in design can find inspiring examples all around them, the practitioner of today should not have to quiet down their voice, hush away their presence, or hide their influence.
At present, most of our attention should be given to claiming space and agency in design: finding and using our own voices, loud and clear to say things such as:
Yes, grant me that opportunity.
Yes, I want access to that platform.
Yes, give me that job (and pay me as much as you would a man).
Yes, represent and sell my work (for the same price as you sell a work by a man).
Yes, this is obvious, necessary, and the only way I will work for you, with you, alongside you.
Speaking loud and clear is fundamental, but not every woman does this. Why? Partly, because of the structures that are in place at the moment. To this day, women in design have mainly been educated by men (in classes where half the students – if not more – are female); hired by men; working for men; and their work has been valued, collected (and exhibited, or not) by men.
If women cannot change how they are perceived by others, professional opportunities alone will never be enough. The creation of discursive environments where change can be enacted, tested out, then replicated and amplified, can only happen if and when women in design start using their voices. And by finding strength in numbers, they can finally advocate for equality in order to ultimately dismantle existing conditions.
On 18 January this year, we made our first attempt to dismantle such structures, organising a collaborative conversation at the Museum of Applied Arts in Dresden. Titled A Woman’s Work, the event gathered voices from the discipline of design to discuss the roles and influence of female practitioners. The symposium took place alongside the exhibition Against Invisibility, which rewrote a fraction of modern design history by rescuing the nearly-forgotten stories of female designers working in the Deutsche Werkstätten Hellerau in the early decades of the 20th century.
What are the differences between them and us? As design critic Alice Rawsthorn pointed out in the symposium, “we need to build on [past achievements] with a dynamic and critical discourse … While many skirmishes have been won, others await.’
We must ensure that our stories won’t get lost like theirs. We must create spaces for their – and our – voices to be heard once the present generation is long gone. We must ensure that the current enthusiasm doesn’t get lost, and after an object designed by a woman is sold, exhibited, commissioned and exchanged for inflated sums of money, women – and their stories – will remain.
It is the responsibility of the gatekeepers – who write, who teach, who collect, who curate, who sell, who promote, who advocate – to open the gates for the dismantling of past and present conditions, in order to make women’s work, contributions and visibility a permanent condition.
What does the revolution bring with it? We do not know. But we know it is thorny, messy, complex and collaborative. It starts with simple actions. It begins with adding to the canon of design history voices other than those of white men; promoting and investing in work made by practitioners other than white men. It involves revamping design education to elect new role models and rewriting your syllabus to include more diverse voices. When prompted, it involves selecting someone other than a white man for a panel. It involves selecting a diverse group of people in the next exhibition you curate. It means working with someone other than those whom you already know.
These are the ways in which we can continue to claim space, connect people, and enact transformation. And this will transform us all.
The themes brought forward during the A Woman’s Work symposium informed this report of the day's proceedings, which can be downloaded here in PDF format and consulted as a broadsheet in the Add to the Cake exhibition at the Museum of Arts and Crafts Dresden, from 26 April to 3 November 2019.
Download A Womans Work Symposium Report (English Version)
Download A Womans Work Symposium Report (German Version)
Add to the Cake develops and transforms into two main phases: first a preview opening April 26, 2019, which spatially enacts the themes discussed on that day of the sympsium; and secondly, an exhibition opening on July 5, 2019. With Add to the Cake, Foreign Legion aims to open up the interdisciplinary, multi-generational perspectives on women in and around design, art and architecture. Below images from the preview.
Contemporary cultural constructs have us believe that not everyone can get a fair share of the cake, and that only a limited few can write history. In the case of female practitioners in design, architecture and the arts, their erasure from the history and the memory of their disciplines has been systematic; but in the first two decades of the 21st century, they have regained visibility. In this pivotal moment, female practitioners have the chance to usher in an important transformation for their disciplines.
“Adding” doesn’t mean “taking away”
We can—and need to—add to the existing cake: infinite layers for an expanded canon. Adding to museum collections and to historical accounts, adding to collective memory and to possible futures. Most importantly, we must realize that “adding” doesn’t mean “taking away”, but that it enriches the existing context with multiple, varied voices and perspectives. A cake with added layers will be, all together, a different one.
Add to the Cake is an exercise in enacting the kind of transformation that design, architecture and art imminently experience. It develops over the course of an exhibition and a public program over the course of six months.
From Symposium to a Preview and an Exhibition
The exhibition project stems from the A Woman’s Work symposium (18 January 2019), which was originally framed in context of the Against Invisibility: Women Designers at the Deutsche Werkstätten Hellerau 1898 to 1938 exhibition, and gathered local and inter- national perspectives on the present and the future of female practice.
Add to the Cake collects and develops themes—Advocates of History, Enablers of Visibility, Dismantlers of Existing Conditions — that were discussed on that occasion, and frames them alongside other objects and ideas developed by female practitioners. The exhibition proposes futures for female practice and aims to establish permanent visibility for practitioners.
In its first phase—a preview, which opened on 26 April 2019—the project spatially re-enacted the symposium.
What happens when you Add to the Cake*?
In the second phase of the project, Add to the Cake becomes an exhibition opening 5 July 2019, in which the spaces are transformed to give way to a series of installations on visions for the future of female practice. Commissioned works create paths for the present and future of female practice. Simultaneously, various Visual Fictions spread throughout the spaces act as a spatial expression of desire for something lacking here and now . Add to the Cake becomes the transformation it heralds, enacting futures that are inclusive, generous, all encompassing and joyous.
*Cake = Canon, the most repeated sentence in
A Woman’s Work was
“We have to add to the Canon”.
Curated by Vera Sacchetti and Matylda Krzykowski, Foreign Legion
VISUAL FICTIONS BY
Associates Associates (Ania Jaworska & Zack Ostrowski), Sara de Campos, Fictional Journal (Gabriela Baka, Sophie Rzepecky, Teresa Palmieri), Anne Dessing & Michiel van Iersel, Marie Herwald Hermann & Anders Ruhwald, Zoë Ritts & Océane Réveillac, Galerie Stephanie Kelly (Kerstin Flasche, Claudia Kleiner, Michael Klipphahn, Lucie Klysch, Paula Letalik, Theresa Rothe, Nina Schwarzenberger, Winnie Seifert), Kosmos Architects, (Leonid Slominsky, Artem Kitaev, Nikolay Martynov), Oliver Klimpel, Alexandra Midal & Emma Pflieger, Kamau Patton, Martha Poggioli, Alejandra Navarrete Llopis & Naho Kubota, OOIEE (Mary Begley, Matt Olson, Drew Smith), James Taylor-Foster
Common Interest (Nina Paim, Corinne Gisel) & Ann Kern, Chrissie Muhr & Ji Hee Lee, Gabriel A. Maher & Ina Weise, Garrett Nelson & Anja Kaiser, Julia E. Dyck, Vivien Tauchmann, Pinar & Viola
WITH CONTRIBUTIONS BY
Depatriarchise Design (Maya Ober & Anja Neidhard), Kate Dooley, Theresia Enzensberger, Amelie Klein, Kaja Kusztra, Alexandra Lange, Emma Lucek, Brigitta Möllring, Klara Nemeckova, Not a Muse (Silva Baum, Claudia Scheer, Lea Sievertsen), Jana Scholze, Sumitra Upham, Hagen Verleger
The exhibition traverses past, present and future in a series of works that were partly created in collaborations put together by the curators. A timeline in the entrance room narrates what’s happened, what is happening, and speculates on what is imminent for female practice.
Building on the work that was initiated in Against Invisibility by the Museum of Decorative Arts Dresden, the work of Gertrud Kleinhempel is complemented by two further women who had been forgotten, and which the research and exhibition around [Gegen die Unsichtbarkeit] Against Invisibility allowed to rediscover: textile designers Irmgard Harras and Erna Sandig, whose work is here presented to the public for the first time.
What happens when we have added to the cake?
Throughout the exhibition space, the Visual Fictions offer glimpses of the future of the practice—complex, multilayered, polyphonic, and ambitious. The narrators of these fictions come from all realms of arts and design, diverse geographies and origins, and their work manifests desires for the future of female practice.
For Your Information (FYI)
A non-periodical newsletter of women-related current articles
Chrissie Muhr and Ji-hee Lee
Do you understand your reality?
In this unsteady newsletter of current articles related to women, Chrissie Muhr and Ji-hee Lee offer a subversive take on contemporary news, skewing and decentering the media landscape. In a continuous collection of national and international news, the project invites a new reading of women’s current and future place in the media, and gives visitors access to this information flow.
common-interest and Ann Kern
What theories have not yet been formulated or recorded?
This project questions who writes history and whose histories are told. It is a feminist library of blind spots, untold stories, and missing narratives within history and theory, in the form of a collectively built, continuously growing online repository. Futuress invites all to contribute to the active writing of past, present and future history.
Unstable Signs as Radical Tools
Anja Kaiser and Garrett Nelson
What if we present reference points and messy histories for building knowledge of unstable signs as radical tools?
In Unstable Signs as Radical Tools, Anja Kaiser and Garrett Nelson offer a future of work where unstable signs become radical tools. Using as a starting point Sheila Levrant de Bretteville’s 1974 Women in Design conference poster, they propose reference points for building knowledge and awareness of unstable signs as radical tools, opening visual and narrative spaces for revolution.
Call for Collective Representation
Gabriel A. Maher and Ina Weise
Can you only dream what you’ve seen?
This project shows a future where women are seen, heard, and at last, visible. What would it mean to be seen together, as a powerful community that is challenging notions of representation and revealing a greater collective image? And how could that expanding visibility transform the way we model not only our work but the way we model ourselves for future generations?
Exercise to Unlearn the Canon
How can you learn anew?
This is an invitation to practice changing power dynamics through tactile and bodily engagement. As a series of experiential performative interventions, the participants in Exercise to Unlearn the Canon become the material itself, exploring the capabilities of our bodies to extend the individual experience of our environment and thus provoke behavioural change. Performed during Dresden’s Museum’s Night, 6 July 2019.
Julia E. Dyck
How can we make space for a multitude of voices?
Working with analogue synthesis and a small group of voices, this composition is a soundscape for a speculative non-place. Driven by the passage“Add to the cake / Add to the canon”, the shifting atmosphere reflects spontaneous creation and the continuous conversion of energy into matter.
Ritual of Self-empowerment
Pinar & Viola
How does an alternative world look and feel like?
In this personal presentation, Pinar Demirdag of artist duo Pinar & Viola discusses her self-growth process in recent years, sharing her journey towards self-belief and break- ing out of conventions and expectations.
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Museum of Decorative Arts Schloss Pillnitz
Opening times 27.04—03.11.2019
10 a.m.—6 p.m. (closed on Mondays)
Information and reservation of guided tours
+49 (0) 351 . 49 14 2000